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Tips To Protect Children from Illness Due to Seasonal Changes

diseases in winter season

Summer, winter, and monsoon seasons all have an important impact on kid’s health. Understanding related diseases and applying preventive steps are critical for ensuring the health of children during each season. In this blog, we will explore some common illnesses that happen during the summer, diseases in winter season and monsoon seasons, and also summer and cold weather health tips for kids.

Summer Illness In Children:


  • Due to heat exposure body gets hot, which causes high body temperature and, high pulse.
  • Precautions:  Keeping children hydrated, taking breaks, and refraining from physical activities during periods of high heat.


  • Dehydration can be the reason for not drinking enough water, causing often thirst, dry mouth, tiredness, and headaches.
  • Precaution: Remind regular water intake, must during outdoor activities, and increase the intake of hydrating foods like fruits and vegetables.


  • Sunburn is caused by the overuse of sun rays, it causes red skin and painful skin.
  • Apply sunscreen, suggest smooth dresses, and reduce sun time.


  • During Higher temperatures bacteria can quickly increase the growth in food, and the risk of food poisoning is high.
  • Precaution: Maintain good food hygiene, properly store food, and avoid eating undercooked food.

Swimming Ear:

  • Continuous exposure to water in pools or lakes can result in ear canal infection.
  • Precaution: After swimming, completely dry your ears, avoid inserting foreign objects into your ears, and use earphones if essential.


  • It is a common summer infection that causes fever and allergies.
  • Precautions: Regular handwash, avoid crowds.


  • Due to the high temperature pollens are increasing rapidly, which causes allergic reactions in children.
  • Precaution: Identify and handle allergies with the help of a doctor, and keep windows closed during high pollen seasons.

Eye Infection:

  • Bacteria can cause eye allergy.
  • Precautions include washing hands frequently, avoiding touching the eyes by hand, and seeking a doctor’s help if symptoms happen.

Heat Rash:

  • Heat rash is also a painful one, and occurs when pores are blocked, which causes red and itchy skin.
  • Avoid tight dresses, offer soft clothes for kids, and keep them cool in hot weather.

Also Read: Prepare Kids for Monsoon Season

Diseases In the Winter Season:

Here are the important illnesses or diseases in the winter season for children.


  • The flu is a common infection that causes high fever, cough, throat pain, and fatigue.
  • Precaution: Regular injection can reduce the risk of flu.

Common Cold:

  • The common cold causes ear, throat, and nose irritation.
  • Precaution: One of the amazing ways to stay healthy during winter is to avoid crowded areas and maintain hygiene.


  • It is a common disease in the winter season. Which affects the small airways in the lungs.
  • Precaution: Covering mouth when sneezing, can help to protect others from virus spreading.


  • Pneumonia is caused by a virus in the lung’s airways, creating symptoms such as wheezing, breathing issues, and illness.
  • Precaution: Ensure that regular immunizations including pneumonia, are received and that proper airway hygiene is taught.

Vomit in the winter:

  • Norwalk virus causes bugs stomach flu, and stomach cramps.
  • Precaution: Another best way to stay healthy during winter is to prevent the spread of the virus, and prioritize regular handwashing, especially in crowded areas.


  • Croup is a viral infection that affects the airways, leading to a loud cough and difficulty breathing in cold due to weather changes.
  • Precaution: Keep children comfy and hydrated, and get treatment if symptoms increase.

Dry Skin:

  • Cold due to weather changes can cause dry skin and cause asthma in some children.
  • Precaution: Use moisturizers regularly and use thickly layered cloths to protect their skin from heavy weather conditions.


  • Chilblains are painful, swelling skin that occurs when experiencing cold due to weather changes and wet conditions.
  • Precaution: Keep children warm, specifically their hands and feet.


  • Frostbite skin is a disease in the winter season that occurs when skin and tissue freeze as a result of having very low blood pressure, which causes weakness and discoloured
  • Precaution: Dress children in thermal and thick clothing, limit outdoor time during high weather, and observe for signs and symptoms.

Also Read: Foods For Children To Boost Immunity This Winter

Preventive Measures For Monsoon Diseases:

  1. Hygiene Practices:
  2. Handwash should be done regularly, just before eating and after playing outside.

    To avoid waterborne infections, ensure that your children drink only clean, hot water.

  3. Vector Control:
  4. While sleeping, use mosquito nets and insect protection creams that are safe for children.

    To prevent mosquito breeding, use clean and fresh water, clean the wastewater around the house, and cover water tanks.

  5. Immunizations:
  6. Vaccinate regularly to increase immunity, including those for diseases like dengue and influenza.

  7. Clothing and Footwear:
  8. Dress children in soft, smooth clothing to prevent skin infections.

    Check that kids wear closed shoes to avoid infections and insect bites.

  9. Basic discipline:
  10. Teach children about how to cough and sneeze to avoid the spreading of infection to others.

    Avoid the visit to areas of cold due to weather changes.

  11. Regular Health Checkups:
  12. Get regular body checkups with doctors to observe children’s health.

  13. Educational Initiatives:
  14. Educate children about the importance of self-hygiene and the risks of playing in dirty water and places.

  15. Home Environment:
  16. Keep living spaces well-ventilated to prevent the growth of mould.

Also Read: Common Childhood Illnesses

Cold Weather Health Tips:

Here are some remedies for cold weather health tips for children.

  1. Common Cold:
  2. Remedy: Drink warm liquids like honey and lemon tea. Rest and stay warm under a cosy blanket.

  3. Dry Skin:
  4. Apply moisturizer and drink water to protect the skin. 

  5. Cough:
  6. Intake of turmeric milk regularly to control the cough and keep healthy in winter.

  7. Dry Lips:
  8. Use a moisturiser to keep lips hydrated.

  9. Skin Prevention:
  10. Dress using thick clothes and cover the skin at low temperatures. Cover hands and ears with clothes.

Summer Illnesses:

  1. Heatstroke:
  2. Remedy: Drink water, dip a cloth into the water and place it on the forehead to relax. Avoid sunlight and heat.

  3. Sunburn:
  4. Remedy: Take a cool bath frequently to reduce the pain.

  5. Dehydration
  6. Remedy: Drink regular water. Intake of water-rich fruits like watermelon and cucumber.

  7. Heat Rash:
  8. Remedy: Ice cubes or a cold treatment are highly effective at reducing swelling.

  9. Insect Bites:
  10. Remedy: Apply coconut oil in insect-bitten areas. Wear long sleeves to protect the skin from insect bites.

At EuroSchool, we understand the importance of keeping children healthy during seasonal changes requires a preventive and general approach. Parents can create a safe and healthy environment for children by understanding the particular health illness with summer, winter, and monsoon seasons and implementing targeted precautions. Explore EuroSchool’s admission process for a nurturing educational experience.

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