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The Power of Voting: Exploring Elections in India

elections in india

Every class has a class leader, Right? How would you choose the most qualified classmate for the position? That’s quite similar to what an election is! An election, like choosing a class leader, allows everyone to vote. People vote for who they believe would be the ideal leader for their class, school, community, or even the entire country.

Elections in India are always a big deal. These elections are an important part of any democratic system. In a democracy, the people have a voice in government operations. It gives power to people to elect their leaders.

What is an Election?

An election is a means by which individuals express their political views. They vote for a political leader in the public to express their viewpoint.

Elections in India are undoubtedly an important foundation of democracy. It is a formal method for making collective decisions. It guarantees that the government is of, by, and for the people. This year, in 2024, 18th Lok Sabha elections are being conducted in India.

To vote in elections in India, you must:

  • Be a citizen of India
  • Be at least 18 years old
  • Be registered as a voter in the electoral roll

There are four important elections in the country. It includes the Lok Sabha elections, the Rajya Sabha elections, the Election of Prime Ministers by Lok Sabha members, and the Election of the President by elected members of State and Central Legislatures.

Candidates taking part in elections in India must fulfill particular eligibility criteria. They must be Indian nationals, at least 25 years old for Lok Sabha (Parliamentary) elections and 30 years old for Rajya Sabha (State Council) elections. They must also meet the other qualifying standards stated in the Indian constitution.

You select the people you wish to lead your town, city, or nation when you cast your votes in elections. This means you can choose people who you trust to listen to your concerns and make choices that are good for everyone. Elections ensure that everyone’s voice is heard, which is why they are so important!

Also Read: Life and Responsibilities of an MP

Importance of Voting in India

Being able to vote for your nation is an essential aspect of a democratic country like India. While many people in our nation enjoy the right to vote, very few get excited about it. Let us explore the importance of voting in India.

  1. Having a Say- Your Voice Matters!
  2. Just like choosing a game during recess by raising your hand, voting gives you a say in who makes choices for your nation. People feel a sense of ownership of government when they vote.

  3. Being Responsible
  4. Voting allows us to engage in the democratic process of India. It helps in ensuring that our opinions are heard and our ideas are considered. It is both a right and a responsibility, allowing us to be active members of society.

  5. Source of Change
  6. The right to vote is a powerful tool for driving change in society. Each vote is a voice, and when united with others, they become a unified roar for change. Citizens may effect major change by engaging in the election process in India.

  7. Making a Difference
  8. When you play a game of building blocks, consider every block as one vote. When you join each block, something amazing is created! Likewise, when everyone votes, we can create a brighter future for our country.

  9. Celebrating Democracy
  10. India is like a large puzzle, and everyone’s vote adds to the overall picture of our nation. Voting is like working together to solve a jigsaw and create a beautiful image of democracy.

Also Read: Human Rights Movements

What is the Process of an Election?

Elections in India are an exciting affair. Candidates compete for their chance to lead. From announcing the date and time to counting the votes, each phase is like a strategic move in the democratic game.

  1. Announcement of Schedule:
  2. The Election Commission of India announces the date and time of the election day.

  3. Nomination of Candidates:
  4. Political parties select candidates for nomination in elections. They fill out forms to formally enter the election race.

  5. Campaigning:
  6. There is a 14-day window before the election campaign polling day. Political parties use huge rallies and door-to-door campaigning to gain public support.

  7. Voting Day:
  8. On election day, people visit polling booths. They cast their votes secretly on the EVM, and their finger is inked to ensure that they only cast one vote.

  9. Counting Votes and Declaring the Winner:
  10. After everyone has voted, it is time to count the votes. The candidate who receives the most votes wins!

Also Read: Measures by Election Commission for Smooth Polling

Facts About Voting in India

Taking part in voting is a moral duty and a right of every citizen. Here are some facts about the voting and elections in India;

  • January 25th is celebrated as National Voters’ Day in India. It marks the formation of the Election Commission of India. The Government of India established it in 2011. It encourages young voters to take part in elections.
  • The Election Commission of India regulates the whole electoral process. It ensures that elections are free and fair throughout the country.
  • Electronic Voting Machines (EVM), which were introduced in India in 1982, allow citizens to vote electronically, making it easier for the Election Commission of India to count the votes.
  • In 2013, the “None of the Above” (NOTA) option was added. It allows voters to dismiss all candidates if none of them meet your set of requirements.
  • The Election Commission of India (ECI) issues the Electors Photo Identity Card (EPIC), often known as the Voter ID card, which serves as identification for Indian citizens voting in state and national elections.
  • Due to the huge population of the nation and geographical variation, elections in India are often held in many phases.

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