# The 15 Greatest Mathematicians Throughout History

Today, we embark on a fascinating journey through history to meet some of the greatest mathematicians of all time. These brilliant thinkers have made remarkable contributions to mathematics. So without further ado, let’s explore the lives and achievements of the greatest mathematicians of all time!

1. Euclid
2. First on our mathematicians list is Euclid, who lived a long, long time ago in ancient Greece. He is often called the ‘Father of Geometry’ because he wrote a book called “Elements,” which taught people about shapes, lines and angles. Many of the things we learn in geometry today come from Euclid’s work!

3. Archimedes
4. Archimedes was another brilliant Greek mathematician. He loved to solve problems and make new inventions. One of his famous discoveries is called the ‘Archimedes’ Principle,’ which helps us understand why things float in water. He also worked on many different kinds of math problems, including those involving circles and spirals.

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5. Pythagoras
6. Pythagoras is best known for the Pythagorean Theorem, a very important idea in math. This theorem helps us find the length of the sides of a right triangle. Pythagoras and his followers, called Pythagoreans, believed that numbers were the key to understanding the world. This is why he made it to the list of great mathematicians!

7. Carl Friedrich Gauss
8. Carl Friedrich Gauss was a German mathematician who lived in the 18th and 19th centuries. He made many important discoveries in math, including a way to add up all the numbers from 1 to 100 very quickly! Gauss was so good at math that people called him the ‘Prince of Mathematicians.’

9. Leonhard Euler
10. Leonhard Euler was a Swiss mathematician who made many important contributions to math, physics, and engineering. He introduced lots of new ideas and notations, like the symbol “e” for the base of natural logarithms. Euler loved to solve puzzles and problems, and his work is still very important today.

11. Aryabhatta
12. Another very important person on the greatest mathematicians list is Aryabhatta. Aryabhatta was an ancient Indian mathematician and astronomer. He made important discoveries about numbers and the movements of planets and stars. Aryabhatta introduced the concept of zero and worked on ways to solve quadratic equations.

Also read: Who Discovered Zero First?

13. Hypatia
14. Hypatia was a brilliant mathematician and teacher in ancient Alexandria, Egypt. She was one of the first known female mathematicians and made important contributions to algebra and geometry, making her one of the greatest mathematicians of all time. Hypatia was also a philosopher and loved to share her knowledge with others.

15. Fibonacci
16. Fibonacci, also known as Leonardo of Pisa, was an Italian mathematician who introduced the Hindu-Arabic numeral system to Europe. He is best known for the Fibonacci sequence, a series of numbers where each number is the sum of the two before it. This sequence appears in many places in nature, like the arrangement of leaves on a plant.

17. Évariste Galois
18. Évariste Galois was a French mathematician who made important contributions to algebra. He developed a theory called ‘Galois Theory,’ which helps us understand the roots of polynomial equations. Sadly, Galois died very young, but his work has had a lasting impact on mathematics.

19. Srinivasa Ramanujan
20. Srinivasa Ramanujan was an Indian mathematician with incredible talent. Even though he had little formal education, he made many important discoveries in number theory, infinite series and continued fractions. Ramanujan’s work continues to inspire mathematicians around the world, making him one of the greatest mathematicians of all time.

22. Ada Lovelace was an English mathematician and writer who is often considered the first computer programmer. She worked with Charles Babbage on his early mechanical computer, the Analytical Engine, and wrote the first algorithm intended to be processed by a machine. Ada Lovelace’s work laid the foundation for modern computing.

23. Albert Einstein
24. Albert Einstein is best known for his work in physics, but he also made important contributions to mathematics. His theory of relativity changed the way we understand space and time, and he used complex math to explain his ideas. Einstein’s work has had a huge impact on science and technology, and continues to inspire to this day.

25. Sophie Germain
26. Sophie Germain was a French mathematician who made important contributions to number theory and elasticity theory. Despite facing many challenges because she was a woman, Germain persisted in her studies and made significant discoveries, including work on Fermat’s Last Theorem.

27. Al-Khwarizmi
28. Al-Khwarizmi was a Persian mathematician who lived in the 9th century. He is often called the ‘Father of Algebra’ because he wrote a book that introduced many new ideas about solving equations. The word “algorithm” comes from his name, and his work has had a lasting impact on mathematics.

29. John Napier
30. And last but not the least on our mathematicians list is John Napier. John Napier was a Scottish mathematician who invented logarithms, a way to simplify complex calculations. He also created a tool called ‘Napier’s Bones’ to help with multiplication and division. Napier’s work made it easier for people to perform calculations and solve math problems.

These great mathematicians have shaped the way we understand and interact with the universe. By sharing stories of these great mathematicians, we can inspire our children to find out for themselves who is the best mathematician in the world. Remember, math is not just about numbers; it’s about discovery, creativity and understanding the world around us.